Pope Leo XIII: "Aeterni Patris"
The Restoration of Christian Philosophy

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Curriculum Diagram

PHIL 2223 Modern and Contemporary Philosophy (3)

This course will delineate the rejection of Aristotelian and scholastic philosophy by the “fathers of modern philosophy” and show how they recast philosophy in terms of the subjective idealism and the new natural sciences.

The course includes a treatment of Hegelian Idealism, Existentialism, Personalism, Post-Modernism and Phenomenology as philosophies developing in the wake of idealism as a response to or rejection of this new philosophical "ism". Both Pope Leo XIII’s Aeterni Patris and Pope John Paul II’s Fides et Ratio will be studied for their guidance towards a Christian Philosophy during this period. Some attention will be paid to various Thomistic philosophies developed in the 20th century revival of Thomism.



Pope Leo XIII: Aeterni Patris
Pope John Paul II: Fides et Ratio
Jacques Maritain: Selected Texts
Vladimir Soloviev: Russia and the Universal Church (excerpts)
Rene Descartes: Discourse on Methods (excerpts)
Francis Bacons: Novum Organum (excerpts)
Immanuel Kant: Critique of Pure Reason (excerpts)
Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Phenomenology of Spirit and Life of Jesus (excerpts)
Jean Paul Sarte: Existentialism is a Humanism and excerpts from other writings
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche: The Antichrist